Object excavated from sutra mound at Kokawa, Wakayama


Object excavated from sutra mound at Kokawa, Wakayama

Archaeology / Nara

Heian period, 12th century/Tenji 2, 1125


Excavated from sutra mound at Kokawa, Wakayama

The objects introduced in this article were excavated from the southern slope of Mt. Fūmō-zan in the northern part of Wakayama prefecture. The well-known Kokawa-dera temple is located at the foot of this mountain. It is reported that the bronze sutra case, which contained eight volumes of the Hoke-kyō (Lotus sutra), was placed in a cylindrical case made of ceramics, and the case was covered with a plate of natural rock. The sutra case was cast in bronze and a ball-shaped knob is attached to the lid. Nine lines of inscription are engraved on the surface of the cylindrical outer case. According to the inscription, the learned scholar Kiyohara-no-Sanetoshi promoted the project of burying sutra scrolls: he had the Hoke-kyō sutra copied by six priests at Serio-bessho temple in Ōhara, Kyoto, and buried the sutra scrolls at Kokawa-dera temple, wishing for the encounter with Miroku-bosatsu (Maitreya) in the future. According to the old record Honchō Shinshū Ōjō-den, Sanetoshi copied the Hoke-kyō sutra and sent copies to local famous temples.
The shape of the sutra case introduced in this article is excellent and the sutra volumes are well preserved, considering of the fact that they had been buried underground. The ceramic outer case was probably made in some old kiln in Aichi prefecture.

Masterpieces of Nara National Museum. Nara National Museum, 1993, p.136, no.110.

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