Reliquary in the Shape of a Flaming Jewel
In Buddhism, the word “sarira” refers to human bones or remains, particularly those of Sakyamuni, the founder of Buddhism. The veneration of sarira as the holy remains of Sakyamuni began in India. The custom later spread to Japan and this led to the widespread practice of filling containers with small pieces of crystal, agate, and other precious stones, then worshipping them as sarira.
This sarira reliquary is a combination of several parts forged from bronze and plated with gold. The top section depicts a wish-granting jewel engulfed in flames. This serves as the actual container. It has a lid on top that reveals a hollow body when removed. Flaming-jewel reliquaries were actually the most common type of sarira container during the Kamakura period, from the 13th century onwards. However, the section beneath the jewel adopts a very unique design. It features a square podium topped by a five-pronged vajra, a Buddhist ritual implement used in Esoteric Buddhism. This design suggests the reliquary was enshrined during an esoteric sarira-worship ceremony.